Tag Archives: pets

Heatstroke in dogs. Know the signs and take action.

26th June 2015

Summer is upon us, folks and we are not the only ones who have the suffer through the heat.  Our pets are among the most vulnerable to the dangers of heat stroke.  There are no statistics regarding heat stroke in dogs because most of these cases go unreported but it is estimated that several hundred pets suffer this unnecessary fate every summer.  

Don't let your pet suffer from heat

Dr. Amy Thomason at Westlake Animal Hospital has shared her knowledge and expert advice with us so that we can be prepared in the event our pets become overheated (or hyperthermic).  Obviously, prevention is the number one piece of advice anyone can give pet owners so make sure you take appropriate measures during warm seasons.  Keep your pets indoors during the hottest parts of the day (late afternoon) and always have fresh water accessible and as well as a  shaded, well ventilated area for them to cool off.  Never leave your pet in the car, even if you crack the windows and even if it’s “just for a minute”.  This happened just last week in California.  And, while we’re at it, try to remember not to leave your kids in the car either. 

Now, here’s what you need to know in the event your dog does suffer from heat stroke.  Even the fittest pets can become hyperthermic and this condition, if untreated or treated incorrectly, can result in major organ damage and even death so, please read on.  

Normal body temperature for a dog is at

Reasons why a pet would be unable to dissipate heat: 

  • Obesity
  • Brachycephalic conformation  (lookin’ at you, pugs, bulldogs, frenchies, etc.)
  • Laryngeal paralysis/upper airway obstruction
  • Cardiovascular or respiratory disease
  • Extremes in age (very young, very old)
  • Central nervous system disease, including prolonged seizures
  • Water deprivation
  • Poorly ventilated areas
  • High humidity
  • Heat Prostration (collapse or loss of consciousness) 

This is a LIFE THREATENING CONDITION, not to mention agonizing.  When internal temperature is above 105, a true emergency exists.  Above 109 degrees, organ damage occurs in kidneys, liver, intestines and brain.  Prolonged temperatures over 109 degrees causes irreversible neuronal death which causes coma and permanent brain damage.  

Appears distressedPants

Remember, pets may recover if intensive supportive care is initiated but TIME IS OF THE ESSENCE!!!  Here’s what you can do at home before you take the pet in for veterinary care.  

  • Remove your pet from the environment where the hyperthermia occurred
  • Move to shaded or cool environment and direct a fan on them
  • If possible, determine rectal temperature and record it
  • Begin to cool the dog by placing cool, wet towels over the back of the neck, armpits, and groin areas
  • Wet the ear flaps and paws with cool water
  • OR use cool water from a garden hose
  • Transport to the closest veterinarian ASAP

Seems pretty logical, right?  I mean who here hasn’t had used the same methods on themselves after a little too much time in the sun?  But possibly more importantly, here is what NOT TO DO. 

  • Do not use very cold water or ice for cooling.  It forms an insulating layer of tissue to hold the heat inside.  Cooling the innermost structures of the body will actually be delayed.  Instead, use cold tap water.  
  • Do not overcool the pet.  A reasonable goal of cooling pet is to reduce your pet’s body temperature to 102.5-103 degrees while transporting to veterinarian. 
  • Do not attempt for force water into your pet’s mouth, but have fresh cool water available to offer should your pet be alert and show interest.
  • Do not leave your pet unattended for any length of time.

When you arrive at your veterinarian’s office, you can expect swift action to continue cooling and rehydrating your pet.  The following, are some things that may be necessary to help your pet recover. 

  • Monitor temperature every 5 minutes
  • Continue cooling with cold tap water in tub
  • IV Fluids – cooled if possible
  • +/- Isopropol alcohol applied to feet/pads
  • +/- Fan for cooling
  • +/- Oxygen Therapy

With timely and appropriate action both on your part and that of your doctor’s, your pet stands the best chance for recovery.  However, the prognosis will depend on the length of time the dog was hyperthermic, the amount of organ damage incurred, and your pet’s response to intensive supportive care.  If DIC, organ failure, cerebral edema, coma, gastrointestinal damage or septicemia have occurred, your pet’s prognosis will be poor to grave so again, prevent this by acting fast.  

I believe that as humans, we are responsible for honoring and valuing the lives of our neighbors, whether they be fellow humans or man’s best friend.  If you see a dog in distress from heat or this happens to your pet, take action immediately.  It is no joke.  You could save a life.  Thank you, Dr. Amy Thomason and all the staff at Westlake Animal Hospital in Austin, who have treated many pets suffering from heatstroke and work hard each day to educate pet owners in order to prevent this and many other harmful situations, helping pets to live longer and healthier lives.  

seven household toxins that can harm your pet

15th October 2014

We all love our pets and we want them to be safe, healthy and happy, right? They’re a part of our family, after all.  Well, there are several surprisingly dangerous items in and around your home right now that could be harmful to your pet.  I caught up with Dr. Brent Rains from Westlake Animal Hospital to find out more about the hidden dangers that every pet owner should know about. 

Make your home safe for you pet by keeping toxins out of reach.

Make your home safe for your pet by keeping toxins out of reach.

1. CHOCOLATE
You’ve all heard this one before. What you may not know is that where toxicity is concerned, all chocolate is not created equal.  So, what’s a panicked dog owner to do when you find a missing Hershey bar or the brownie pan you left on the counter has been licked clean while you were sleeping?  That depends on two major factors: the size of your dog and the concentration of cocoa in the chocolate. 

The four types of chocolate from lightest to darkest. Darker chocolate is more harmful to dogs.

The four types of chocolate from lightest to darkest. Bakers chocolate is the most harmful to dogs.

Food products with high concentrations of cocoa such as bakers chocolate are significantly more dangerous than those with a lower concentration, like milk chocolate.  Likewise, it will take a larger volume of chocolate to have an effect on a medium or large dog than on small breeds.  Larger breeds may simply develop gastrointestinal symptoms (followed by remorse) and recover on their own, while toy and small breeds like chihuahuas might have more severe reactions.  In any case, here’s what to look for and what to do.

Signs and symptoms of chocolate toxicity in dogs: 

  • vomiting
  • hyperactivity (cocoa is a stimulant)
  • panting
  • tremors

If your dog has ingested any chocolate and you begin to see any of the above symptoms, immediately call your veterinarian and take your dog in for evaluation.  The most likely scenario in these cases is that your doctor will induce vomiting to get the chocolate out of your dog’s stomach. If the dog’s symptoms are severe, hospitalization and further supportive care may be required.  This situation is rarely fatal if treated, so make sure you act fast to help ensure your dog makes a full recovery. 

2. XYLITOL
Xylitol is an artificial sweetener found in many prepared foods labeled “sugar-free” such as chewing gum, cookies, candy and even nasal spray. Dentists recommend it because it helps cut down on bacteria in the mouth and does not harm teeth like regular sugar.  Xylitol has many health benefits for humans, but has been shown to be very dangerous for dogs.  It causes drastic drops in blood glucose and liver damage. 

Take extra precautions with all foods containing Xylitol.

Take extra precautions with all foods containing Xylitol.

Symptoms to look for:

  • lethargy
  • vomiting

If your dog has ingested Xylitol, he will likely require hospitalization and detoxification therapy as prescribed by your doctor.  This is not something you can wait on, so call right away if you think your dog has gotten into any product containing Xylitol.

Other foods that are toxic to dogs include grapes, raisins, onions and garlic, so keep those our of your pet’s reach at all times. 

3. SAGO PALMS
What you should know: All parts of the plant are toxic and can cause liver damage.

Symptoms: 

  • vomiting
  • lethargy

Call your vet right away if your dog displays any of these symptoms and has chewed on or eaten any part of a sago palm.  These plants are very common in the Austin area, so learn to recognize them and keep your dog from investigating them too closely. 

4. LILIES
A lovely perennial flower that may help brighten up your home, but don’t let your cat munch on them.  Lilies are highly toxic to cats and cause kidney damage.

Symptoms:

  • vomiting
  • lethargy

For both sago palm and lily ingestion in either dogs or cats, hospitalization and detox therapy may be required.

Toxic Plants

5. HUMAN MEDICATION
If you have kids, you are probably pretty careful about where you store your prescription medication, but over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen, can be just as dangerous to your pets.  Cats are especially sensitive to high doses of NSAIDs, which cause liver and kidney toxicity.  Usually, ingestion of these requires hospitalization for both dogs and cats. If you’re not sure about a specific human drug your pet may have ingested, the best thing to do is to call a pet poison hotline immediately.  Tell them which drug your pet ingested and how much.  They frequently have more detailed information pertaining to each specific medication and can guide you in communicating the problem to your veterinarian. 

As a side note, I should mention that pets medication should also be stored in a safe place. Even drugs that were prescribed to your pet can be harmful if an incorrect dose is ingested. 

6. RAT POISON
This seems like a no-brainer, but there is something important you may not think of if your dog or cat comes in contact with rat poison.  ALWAYS bring the package of rat poison to your veterinarian.  There are three very different types of rat poison and all three affect entirely different organ systems and functions.  They will either attack the body’s blood clotting mechanism, neurological function, or kidney function.  Your doctor may not know how to best treat your pet if he or she does not know which of the three types of poisons is involved. 

Symptoms:

  • vomiting
  • tremors
  • lethargy
  • bleeding

7. ANTIFREEZE
Did you know antifreeze is sweet tasting?  Well, dogs love sweets, so be sure keep this product in a sealed container and out of reach.  Consuming antifreeze causes kidney damage and also requires hospitalization. 

It’s a lot of information, but if you only remember one thing, it’s this website and phone number: ASPCA ANIMAL POISON CONTROL (OPEN 24/7) 888-426-4435

Always keep this number where you can find it.

Always keep this number where you can find it.

Of course, you should always be in touch with your veterinarian if your dog becomes sick or has ingested anything that might be toxic.  If you live in Austin and this happens after hours, there are several emergency hospitals available.  Here are the three I can personally recommend: 

South Austin: 512-899-0955 (Central Texas Veterinary Specialty Hospital)
Round Rock: 512-961-5200 (Central Texas Veterinary Specialty Hospital)
Central/East: 512-331-6121 (Austin Vet Hospital)

I hope your pet never gets into anything toxic, but if this does happen, be sure to call poison control as well as your veterinarian and be prepared to provide as much information as possible to give your furry friend the best chance for a full and speedy recovery.